In the body, various blood disorders affect the blood’s ability to perform optimally, and one of these disorders is hemophilia. Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that disallows the normal clotting of the blood.
Hemophilia is not a common blood disorder, and there is no specified number of people who have it. Based on reports, around 400,000 people globally are projected to be living with hemophilia. This genetic disorder cannot be prevented, and currently, there is no cure available for it.
Anyone who is diagnosed with hemophilia would have to manage it all their lives. Parents must know hemophilia symptoms because it is usually detected in babies when they are as young as three years.
Also, if the condition is not adequately managed, it can result in life-threatening severe health complications.
Below are some facts about Hemophilia
Hemophilia is an uncommon Blood disorder
Hemophilia is an unusual disorder that does not allow blood to clot properly. And the reason for this is, there is no blood-clotting protein. People who have hemophilia will bleed longer than usual when they are injured.
When there is a chronic deficiency of the proteins responsible for blood clotting, hemophilia could become life-threatening. First off, internal bleeding could occur in the elbows, knees, or ankles. Also, your organs and tissues might be damaged in the process.
For a slight incident like bumping your head into a wall, people with severe hemophilia could experience bleeding in their brains.
There are various types of hemophilia, but two that stand out are very common.
Hemophilia A, also known as Classic Hemophilia.
Hemophilia B, also known as Christmas Disease
Deficiency factors induce both types of hemophilia. Hemophilia A is present in one out of every 5000 male births. In comparison, Hemophilia B occurs about one in 25,000 males, which makes it less common.
Because of the genetic mutation that involves chromosomes and genes, this blood disorder is more diagnosed in males than females. This is because a male child has a higher tendency to inherit the gene from his parents. And a male child can inherit just one X chromosome from his parents instead of the conventional two chromosomes that the female child will inherit.
Also, even though hemophilia is a genetic disorder, someone who does not have a family history can be diagnosed with it. Around one-third of babies diagnosed with hemophilia do not have any family member who has the disorder.
According to Doctors, the clotting of a patient is classified into severe, moderate, and mild. Healthy individuals possess a clotting factor of around 50-100%. In comparison, those who have mild hemophilia possess a clotting factor of approximately 5-50%. The clotting factor for moderate hemophilia is approximately 1-5%, and for severe hemophilia, the clotting factor is less than 1%.
Hemophilia causes External and Internal Bleeding
The symptoms and signs of hemophilia vary from individual to individual, and it could be either serious or mild, depending on the individual’s condition. Also, the symptoms vary depending on the hemophilia that the person has.
Below are some of the visible symptoms of hemophilia
- Bleeding gums
- Excessive bleeding
- Deep, significant, and malformed bruises
- Regular nosebleeds
- Blood in the stool or urine
- Irritability in kids
Some hemophilia symptoms might be internal and less noticeable. Some of them are listed below:
- Bleeding in the elbows, knees, and ankles which can cause pain and swelling
- Bleeding in the brain
- Bleeding in the gums and mouth
- Blurred or distorted vision
- Chronic headaches and insomnia
- Bleeding in the soft tissue, muscle, and skin
Some of these hemophilia symptoms are fatal, and it is crucial to seek prompt medical attention if you experience them. Your health provider will provide you with treatments that will help you manage the symptoms and live like an average person.
Hemophilia can be diagnosed in adults, children, and Fetuses.
There are several ways that medical practitioners can diagnose hemophilia. First off, they can evaluate the individual’s family history to confirm if there is anyone who had hemophilia in the past. Afterward, some screening tests can be conducted to verify if the individual has the blood clotting-factor dearth.
These tests comprise a fibrinogen test, complete blood count, prothrombin time test, and activated partial thromboplastin time test.
The chronic hemophilia conditions will normally be diagnosed during the first year of a child’s life. Also, pregnant women can test their unborn babies for hemophilia. Doctors can conduct a chorionic villus sampling when the fetus is around 9-11 weeks. Doctors can also perform a fetal blood sampling when the fetus is approximately 18 weeks old.
Individuals can live a normal life with Hemophilia.
Hemophilia cannot be prevented, but you can live fine with it if diagnosed with the medical condition. The gravity of the disease determines the nature of treatment you will receive and when needed to opt for medical aid.
Below are three types of treatments for hemophilia.
- Treatment for health issues linked with hemophilia like bleeding
- Clotting factors replacement therapy
It is necessary to see your doctor if you or your loved ones experience symptoms associated with hemophilia. The quicker you are diagnosed determines when you commence treatment and cope with the condition.